Candle Making Walkthrough

Below is a guide for new candle makers, or those struggling with problems to help them produce a great candle. There are methods that differ from this one but often they struggle with shrinkage issues or poor throw in ways this doesn’t. 

This guide is intended to be read in its entirety before beginning, so you know the future steps ahead of time.

Container Preparation

  1. Ensure your containers are clean, free of dust and water.
    People often find dishwashing then drying with paper towel a simple method.
  2. Using a small piece of pipe, the cap from your thermometer probe or a pen’s empty outer casing, place your wick into the tube shaped object.
  3. Using your desired gluing method, put a small piece of glue on the bottom of the wick tab.
  4. Push the wick down into the centre of the container, hold until glue is dry or affixed.
  5. Place your wick centering device onto the wick, centre and fix in place.
  6. If your workspace’s ambient temperature is low, you may need to consider warming your jars. Place them in the oven at 40-50C (105-120F) while your wax is melting, until they are needed, then remove.
  7. Place your containers onto a suitably flat surface. Ensure containers are ~7.5cm (3”) apart.

Pillar Mould Preparation

  1. Ensure your moulds are clean, free of dust and water.
    People often find handwashing with a soft cloth and warm soapy water, rinsing, then drying with paper towel a simple method. If your mould is dishwasher safe that is also a viable method.
  2. Place your wick into the mould’s wick hole, ensure at the correct depth then seal using putty.
  3. Centre the wick through the mould using the provided device.
  4. Place your mould onto a suitably flat surface. Ensure moulds are ~7.5cm (3”) apart.

Melts Clamshells/Moulds Preparation

  1. Ensure your moulds are clean, free of dust and water.
    People often find handwashing with a soft cloth and warm soapy water, rinsing, then drying with paper towel a simple method. If your mould is dishwasher safe that is also a viable method.
    If you are using clamshells they should be stacked, and clean inside from the factory
  2. Place your clamshells/moulds on a suitably flat surface.

Wax Melting

Stovetop/saucepan

  1. Add a few centimeters of water and bring to just below boiling, or a soft boil.
  2. Put your mixing jug onto your scales and tare. Measure your solid wax into the jug.
  3. Place the melting jug into the saucepan and allow to melt. Stir occasionally.
  4. This is the ideal time to prepare any containers or moulds you may be using.
  5. Once all your wax has melted, add any desired dye at the manufacturer’s guidelines (weighed with fine scales) and stir until melted/mixed.
  6. Remove the jug from the saucepan at set on your workspace.

Bulk wax melter

  1. Set up your melter following manufacturer’s instructions or set to around 85C (185F).
  2. If your heater doesn’t have a thermostat you will need to monitor temperature manually or buy an external thermostatic controller.
  3. Add your wax to the melter and allow to melt. Stir occasionally.
  4. This is the time to prepare any containers or moulds you may be using.
  5. Once all your wax has melted, put your mixing jug onto your scales and tare. Measure your liquid wax into the jug using the spigot or ladle.
  6. Quickly add your dye at the manufacturer’s guidelines (weighed with fine scales) and stir until melted/mixed.
  7. Place the jug on your workspace.

Fragrance and Pouring

  1. Weigh out the correct amount of fragrance oil into a suitable container.
    Certain solvents in your FO may be able to dissolve plastic, so for this we advise glassware exclusively used for this.
  2. When the wax in your jug reaches 80C (175F), pour in your fragrance oil.
  3. Stir for 2 minutes, do not whisk/fold.
  4. Leave wax to rest until it reaches the desired pour temperature. You can stir/scrape the sides occasionally if desired.
  5. Once at pour temperature, begin pouring into your desired containers as prepared above. Ideally you want to aim for the centre, where the wick is, and allow it to flow outwards to the glass.
  6. Ensure all wicks are centered then leave to cool.
  7. Ideally you should leave these for around 12 hours to set completely before moving. If you have the space, it is often ideal to leave for 24 hours before trimming wicks